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alcohol addiction canada

Alcohol
In general usage, alcohol refers almost always to ethanol, also known as grain alcohol, and often to any beverage that contains ethanol. This sense underlies the term alcoholism. Other forms of alcohol are usually described with a clarifying adjective, as in isopropyl alcohol or by the suffix -ol, as in isopropanol. Intoxicated people often say things that are uncharacteristic for their sober self, so don't take everything they say personally. As a drug, common alcohol (ethanol) is known to have a depressing effect that decreases the responses of the central nervous system.
 
       
 
You have recognized that you have a drinking problem which is a big step. There are several organizations that can help you deal with an alcohol problem. Canada Rehab provides information on alcohol and other drugs. We can refer you to any number of drug treatment programs. Whatever you choose to do, remember that the critical factor for alcohol rehab success is that you have the desire to stop drinking and the courage to seek help.
 
     
 
 
       
  cocaine addiction treatment
Cocaine
Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a stimulant of the central nervous system and an appetite suppressant, creating what has been described as a euphoric sense of happiness and increased energy. Though most often used recreationally for this effect, cocaine is also a topical anesthetic that was used in eye and throat surgery in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Cocaine is an addictive substance, and its possession, cultivation, and distribution is illegal for non-medicinal / non-government sanctioned purposes.
 
       
 
Its possession, cultivation, and distribution are illegal for non-medicinal and non-government sanctioned purposes in virtually all parts of the world. Although its free commercialization is illegal and has been severely penalized in virtually all countries, its use worldwide remains widespread in many social, cultural, and personal settings. Regardless of how cocaine is used or how frequently, a user can experience acute cardiovascular or cerebrovascular emergencies, such as a heart attack or stroke, which could result in sudden death. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizure followed by respiratory arrest.
 
       
 
 
       
  maryjuana addiction
Cannabis - Marijuana
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plant that includes one or more species. It is also known as hemp, although this term usually refers to cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. As a drug it usually comes in the form of dried flowers (marijuana) or various extracts collectively referred to as hash oil. The main active chemical in marijuana is THC. The membranes of certain nerve cells in the brain contain protein receptors that bind to THC. Once securely in place, THC kicks off a series of cellular reactions that lead to the high that users experience.
 
       
 
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. A dry, shredded green/brown mix of flowers, stems, seeds, and leaves of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa, it usually is smoked as a cigarette (joint, nail), or in a pipe (bong). It also is smoked in blunts, which are cigars that have been emptied of tobacco and refilled with marijuana, often in combination with another drug. It might also be mixed in food or brewed as a tea. As a more concentrated, resinous form it is called hashish and, as a sticky black liquid, hash oil. Marijuana smoke has a pungent and distinctive, usually sweet-and-sour odor.
 
       
 
 
       
  crystal meth
Crystal Meth - Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant drug used for both medicinal and illicit purposes. Like most stimulants, methamphetamine may induce strong feelings of euphoria and can be addictive. Pure methamphetamine is prescribed by physicians in formulations such as Desoxyn. Methamphetamine comes in a variety of forms. Most coveted is a colorless crystalline solid, sold on the streets as crystal meth, glass, ice, P Tina or numerous other street names. It is also sold as less-pure crystalline powder called crank or speed, or in rock formation termed dope, raw or tweak.
 
       
 
When methamphetamine is injected or taken by mouth, the effects may last 6 to 8 hours. When it is smoked, the effects can last 10 to 12 hours. As with other amphetamines, users experience increased wakefulness, decreased appetite and a sense of well being when they take the drug. Often people that use methamphetamines use it in a “binge and crash pattern” which can have harmful effects on the person’s health and can lead to dependence on the drug. Crystal Meth can be smoked, snorted, taken orally, or injected. The rush and the high are believed to be due to the release of high levels of dopamine, a brain chemical that is responsible for pleasure.
 
       
 
 
       
  GHB
G.H.B.
GHB is a clear liquid. It can be mistaken for water because it is usually found in a small (30ml) clear plastic bottle, a water bottle, or even Gatorade bottles, which contains several doses. One quick taste, and you'll know it's not water. Not as common, but also found as a white powder. GHB is a central nervous system depressant. That means it makes you sleepy, and slows down your breathing and heart rate. GHB was first made in a laboratory in 1960. It has been used experimentally as an anesthetic, and as a treatment for sleep disorders and alcohol withdrawal. GHB is made in illicit labs.
 
       
 
In recent years, GHB has gained popularity as a "club drug" among young people for its euphoric and sedative effects. Some bodybuilders continue to use it, believing it stimulates growth hormones. GHB has also been used to facilitate sexual assault. In the last few years it has been gaining popularity as a recreational drug offering an alcohol-like, hangover free high with possible prosexual effects (disinhibition often occurs and inhibitions are suppressed). The effects of GHB are unpredictable and very dose-dependent. Sleep paralysis, agitation, delusions and hallucination have all been reported. Other effects include excessive salivation, decreased gag reflex and vomiting in 30 to 50 percent of users. Dizziness may occur for up to two weeks post ingestion.
 
       
 
 
       
  heroin addiction
Heroin
Heroin or diacetylmorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid. It is the 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine (hence diacetylmorphine) and is synthesised from it by acetylation. The white crystalline form is commonly the hydrochloride salt, diacetylmorphine hydrochloride. It is highly addictive when compared to other substances, although occasional use without symptoms of withdrawal has been noted. Heroin is controlled under Schedules I and IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. It is not legal to manufacture, possess, or sell heroin in the United States.
 
       
 
Heroin abuse is associated with serious health conditions, including fatal overdose, spontaneous abortion, collapsed veins, and, particularly in users who inject the drug, infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. The short-term effects of heroin abuse appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours. After an injection of heroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria ("rush") accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth, and heavy extremities. Following this initial euphoria, the user goes "on the nod," an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, cellulitis, and liver disease.
 
       
 
 
       
  ecstacy addiction
Ecstasy
MDMA most commonly known today by the street name ecstasy, is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family whose primary effect is to stimulate the secretion of and inhibit the re-uptake of large amounts of serotonin as well as dopamine and noradrenaline in the brain, causing a general sense of openness, empathy, energy, euphoria, and well-being. Tactile sensations are enhanced for some users, making general physical contact with others more pleasurable. Contrary to popular mythology it generally does not have aphrodisiac effects.
 
       
 
Acute dehydration is a risk among users who are highly physically active and forget to drink water, as the drug may mask one's normal sense of exhaustion and thirst. Also the opposite, "water intoxication" resulting in acute hyponatremia has been reported. By far the biggest danger comes from the fact that other, more dangerous chemicals (such as PMA, DXM or methamphetamine) are either added to ecstasy tablets, or more often simply sold as ecstasy. Long-term effects in humans are largely unknown and the subject of much controversy particularly with regard to the risks of severe long-term depression as a result of a reduction in the natural production of serotonin.
 
       
 
 
       
  oxycontin
Oxycontin
Only an addict can describe the euphoria that comes from that first outlaw hit of OxyContin. Only an addict can describe the sheer torture of trying to quit the narcotic painkiller known as "Hillbilly Heroin." Oxycontin is the most popular narcotic painkiller in North America, ringing up more than $1 billion in sales and filling nearly 6 million prescriptions in 2002. Oxycontin, also known as Oxycodone is a very strong narcotic pain reliever similar to morphine. OxyContin is designed so that the oxycodone is slowly released over time, allowing it to be used twice daily.
 
       
 
OxyContin is an opiate agonist. Opiate agonists provide pain relief by acting on opioid receptors in the spinal cord, brain, and possibly in the tissues directly. Opioids, natural or synthetic classes of drugs that act like morphine, are the most effective pain relievers available. Oxycodone is manufactured by modifying thebaine, an alkaloid found in opium. Oxycodone has a very high abuse potential. OxyContin abuse is spreading for a variety of reasons. First, the elevated opiate dosage makes it highly addictive. Second, in contrast to drugs such as cocaine or heroin that can be laced with other substances, with OxyContin you know how much of the drug you are getting; the dosage is consistent, so it is a dependable high. Finally, OxyContin is covered by most health insurance plans, so it is significantly cheaper than street drugs.
 
       
 

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